Saturday, 9 July 2011

Lotus Temple history

Lotus Temple in Delhi: A Remarkable Architecture

Lotus Temple is one of the remarkable architectures of Bahai faith. It is located at Kalkaji in New Delhi. The temple looks like a lotus flower and is made of marble, cement, dolomite and sand. The temple has no restrictions for visitors and is open to people from all religions. The place provides immaculate environment for meditation, peace and wisdom. The Bahai temple was completed in 1986. Since then the temple has received recognition from all over the world for its splendid architecture and design. Lotus Temple is among the most visited monuments in India. The credit for building this beautiful structure goes to the Persian architect Fariborz Sahba from Canada.
Personifying Lotus in the temple does not merely mean giving a lotus shape to the edifice but it has a message to the people of India in the form of a manifestation from the almighty. Lotus is a symbol of peace, purity, love and immortality. It is this particular specialty of Lotus flower which makes the flower an important icon in Indian culture and society. This is why the design of Lotus temple has been inspired by lotus flower.....



The design looks like a half opened Lotus flower with 27 freestanding "petals" made of marble. The architect, while designing the temple took into account the eternal beauty of Lotus flower. The construction work took almost 10 years before it finally got shape and was open for public. The team comprised of 800 engineers, technicians, workers and artisans who worked diligently to give realization to one of the most complex edifices in the world. The temple integrates the aesthetic values along with the technological influence within the whole structure. There are nine reflecting pools that encompass the temple from outside. Converting the geometry of the design that did not have any straight line to the actual structure needed a lot of effort and dedicated engineering.
The temple has the capacity to accommodate nearly 2500 people and has nine doors that open in a central hall. The whole structure is made of white marble that adds to the glory of the temple. It is about 40 meters tall surrounded by nine ponds and appears as if the temple is floating like a Lotus flower in water.

The most appraising aspect of this particular architectural masterpiece is the integration of the effervescent Indian history along with the modern engineering and architecture. The temple has to its accreditation being recognized all over the world as one of the most visited edifices in the world with almost 50 million people having visited the temple since its inception in 1986.

Awards Received:

Award given to the architect Mr. Sabha in the year 1987 from International Federation for Art and Architecture, USA.
Award for the structural design by the Institute of Structural Engineers in UK
The Citation Award for personifying the visual impact of the beautiful Lotus flower.
Accreditation for its outdoor illumination in the year 1988
American Concrete Institute Award for being one of the most artistically built concrete structures.
In the year 2000 it received the "Glob Art Academy Award" from Glob Art Academy in Vienna.
So, whenever you visit Delhi, do not forget to see this particular masterpiece which offers a strong message of wisdom, peace and tranquility.

THE GRAND STRUCTURE
Fariborz Sahba, Canadian architect of Iranian origin, spent 10 years in designing and project management, and with the help of a team of about 800 engineers, technicians, artisans and workers brought to realization one of the most complicated constructions in the world. The structure of the House is composed of three ranks of nine petals; each springing from a podium elevating the building above the surrounding plain. The first two ranks curve inward, embracing the inner dome; the third layer curves outward to form canopies over the nine entrances. The petals, constructed of reinforced white concrete cast in place, are clad in white marble panels, performed to surface profiles and patterns related to the geometry. Nine arches that provide the main support for the superstructure ring the central hall. Nine reflecting pools surround the building on the outside, their form suggesting the green leaves of the lotus flower. Translating the geometry of the design, in which there are virtually no straight lines, into the actual structure presented particular challenges in designing and erecting the framework. Not only was it difficult to align, so as to produce accurately the complex double-curved surfaces and their intersections, but also the closeness of the petals severely restricted workspace. Nevertheless the task was carried out entirely by the local laborers. Thanks to each one who contributed in its construction. To avoid construction joints, petals were concreted in a continuous operation for approximately 48 hours. Concrete was carried up the staging by women bearing 50-pound loads in baskets balanced on their heads. All the steel reinforcing for the shells of the lotus petals was galvanized to avoid rust stains on the white concrete in the prevailing humid conditions, guaranteeing the life of the delicate shell structure of 6 to 18 cm thick shells of the petals. India is well endowed with human resources.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE DESIGN
The lotus represents the Manifestation of God, and is also a symbol of purity and tenderness. Its significance is deeply rooted in the minds and hearts of the Indians. In the epic poem Mahabharata, the Creator Brahma is described as having sprung from the lotus that grew out of Lord Vishnu's navel when that deity lay absorbed in meditation, There is a deep and universal reverence for the lotus, which is regarded as a sacred flower associated with worship throughout many centuries. In Buddhist folklore the Boddhisatva Avalokiteswara is represented as born from a lotus, and is usually depicted as standing or sitting on a lotus pedestal and holding a lotus bloom in his hand. Buddhists glorify him in their prayers, "Om Mani Padme Hum", "Yea, 0 Jewel in the Lotus!" Lord Buddha says you have to be like a lotus which, although living in dirty water, still remains beautiful and undefiled by its surroundings. So, we realise that the lotus is associated with worship, and has been a part of the life and thoughts of Indians through the ages. It will seem to them as though they have been worshipping in this Temple in their dreams for years. Now their vision has become a reality and. God willing, some day they will all enter and worship in it. History of the Bahá'í Faith in India: The history of the Bahá'í Faith in India started with the inception of the Faith in Iran when the Báb (literally, the Gate) inaugurated a new era in the history of the human race. The Báb Himself had appointed one of the Indian believers as the 'Letter of Living' in 1844-45, the first year of His Ministry. Since then, India is spiritually connected with the Bahá’i Faith.

As foretold by the Báb, the Promised One of all ages and peoples, Bahá’u’lláh (literally the Glory of God) revealed Himself in 1863. He, Himself, dispatched one of the distinguished Bahá'í teachers, Jamal Effendi, to teach the Cause of God in the years 1874-75. Jamal Effendi (left) traveled to many States and was successful in attracting many learned people and few Navaabs (ruler of the states) including the Navaab of Rampur State (now in U.P.) to the Faith. One young man who accepted was Syed Mustafa Roumi who later became distinguished in his manifold services and was appointed as a Hand of the Cause of God. Some of them accepted Bahá’u’lláh as the Universal Manifestation of God whose advent has been prophesied in all the Holy Scriptures. The other teachers who came to India during Bahá’u’lláh's Ministry included Mishkin Qalam, the distinguished Bahá'í Calligrapher. A series of teachers from the East and the West continued visiting India and traveling throughout the country during the time of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá (literally, the Servant of Bahá), the much-loved Master of the Bahá'í Faith. Prominent among them were Mirza Mahram and Mirza Mahmud Zarqani.

60 comments:

  1. Very useful tips............Vedic Architects & Sculptors a the leading Temple Architectural firms in Chennai and temple designer in India and abroad, and have been doing sculptures, vastu, stone carving and Monuments designers in Chennai.


    Temple Designer In Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  2. Hello I am so delighted I found your blog, I really found you by mistake, while I was looking on Yahoo for something else, anyways I am here now and would just like to say thanks for a tremendous post. Please do keep up the great work.Florist in Delhi

    ReplyDelete
  3. Subliminally men tend to like warning signs of fruitfulness in women. http://www.jennygurgaonescorts.in/ :- High Profile Call Girls Service in Gurgaon is a primal nature in us that we must want the girl with the maximum apparent possibility to create posterity for us.

    ReplyDelete
  4. These beautiful Kolkata Female Escorts originate from shifted foundations; however what they have in like manner is their attractive appeal and the get-up-and-go for carrying on with a full life. Other than models who frequently take an interest in style occasions, you additionally have Girls who take part in the deals and advancement crusade of surely understood agency and amid new item dispatches. There are additionally youthful and vigorous understudies who don't have any doubts over become friends with outsiders. At that point there are hot and new corporate workers who like to gathering and have a great time. They are single and lead a desolate life in the metro, and are dependably watchful for gatherings, beverages and fun with great perceiving guys with whom they can have a brilliant night. These Kolkata Call Girls are in a class separated with their costly garments and perfumes. If you have been considering get to know outside Girls, then you can have the chance to understand your fantasies and dreams with a remote escort. They are from nations like Russia, Romania, Canada, Sri Lanka, Nigeria and some Latin American nations. They have fit athletic bodies and vivacious euphoric nature. They accept their employment truly and are focused on giving you tons of fun without the smallest restraints and dithering.

    ReplyDelete
  5. In the hurrying around of the city, Independent escorts or the specific offices offering escort agency are the best wellsprings of diversion for them. The expanding populace of experts with high-salary sources who are grasped with routine physical and mental stretch, and wish to satisfy the need of grown-up stimulation has been the main consideration behind the developing interest of sensual agency offered free escorts in Jaipur. You can get in touch with us to get our grown-up agency for extreme sensual delight. What Makes Call Girls in Jaipur Not the same as Other Metro City areas? The quickly improvement in all zones, especially in industry over the city has brought about the expanded wage of individuals. Thus, the way of life of the general population has fundamentally changed. They spend more on recreation and diversion for Escorts enjoyment.

    ReplyDelete
  6. The Independent escorts in Mumbai can give to a great degree acceptable agency to every last customer. They are constantly accessible with incall and out agency that are given to customers originating from various city areas also. This without a doubt is an incredible scene going ahead in the matter of Mumbai Call Girls agency and this efficient methodology is liable to take the ubiquity to a radical new level. Hi Men of honor! I am Riya Kapoor a first class free Mumbai escort young lady for not too bad and tasteful honorable men. I am exceptionally excellent, tall and hot woman. I am enchanting, pretty and youthful lovable female dating camaraderie for refined men who are in quest for immaculate young lady. In the event that you are going to Mumbai Call girls Service Maharashtra then I can manage you popular and authentic spots and milestones. You can discover me as charming and enchanting female buddy who serves prominent escort agency in Mumbai or on the off chance that you need to go outside Maharashtra on your business trip or any event then I can be your better half.

    ReplyDelete
  7. I would come like your sweetheart who adores you the way you get a kick out of the chance to make cherished and great times in your Bed, and I guarantee you get the all boundless adoration making session in Gurgaon even you have restricted time to make great time wish Independent Call Girls in Gurgaon Visit this Site :- http://www.jennygurgaonescorts.in/ In this manner, On the off chance that you are deduction to go up against me out station for weekend, get-away, any unique enterprise to praise then you can share your desires to me and I would be all cheerful to come and have any official need like going to the conference.

    ReplyDelete
  8. Our Independent Escorts in Goa www.meesha.in style and body gestures with some mischievous will bring joy to have fun with them again and again. Love them the way you always desired for and make them feel special as it will going to bring some kind of internal happiness for you.

    ReplyDelete
  9. We generally center to finish all prerequisites of our customers so each and every time when you contact with Goa Escorts www.goabella.in Service we take your full data that which kind of excellence you need. We now have incredible accumulation of completed and prominent Goa Call Girls.

    ReplyDelete
  10. The Head-Turner and Well Groom Independent Hyderabad Call Girls www.rimshakhan.in the healthy and figure-conscious Female Escorts in Hyderabad is here to become your associate, when you need friendship. Distinct people want diverse sorts of friendship from them.

    ReplyDelete
  11. I am an emotional Agra Escorts www.agraangels.in girl who understands your feelings and wish to care you like my husband. I can understand the trauma of living alone and dejected. As loneliness leads you towards depression and aggravation, it is absolutely important that you can find Agra Call Girls who are able to help you forget all the side-effects of being alone and dejection.

    ReplyDelete
  12. Our young female Escorts in Gurgaon will provide you with benefit in Gurgaon as you need, as you adore. These types of young Gurgaon Call Girls www.cristinagurgaonescorts.com understand how to give most extreme happiness to our customers.

    ReplyDelete
  13. We make free to their wants in addition and hence they specially indulge exotic Call Girls in Gurgaon www.jennygurgaonescorts.in. Therefore if you've gotten an unidentified want to induce the service from Associate in looking after exotic Gurgaon Escorts, she is merely simply a phone call away.

    ReplyDelete
  14. Website that you create really really nice and very interesting to see in. I am very happy to be visiting here obat benjolan di vagina

    ReplyDelete
  15. The article you create a very attractive and its contents neatly. obat benjolan di leher

    ReplyDelete
  16. Your website is very nice and interesting, the website may increasingly exist and no one obat patah tulang

    ReplyDelete
  17. article that you make really good and a lot of benefits for me thanks obat benjolan di kepala

    ReplyDelete
  18. you make a good article and very interesting for see obat batu ginjal tradisional

    ReplyDelete
  19. News that you serve a very nice and interesting to see, hopefully this news can be useful for everything. success cara mengobati ginjal bocor secara alami

    ReplyDelete
  20. glad to visit your website, your website may be the best and the more visitors Obat Ginjal Bengkak

    ReplyDelete
  21. this website is something that is needed on the web, someone with a little originality.
    cara mengobati ginjal bengkak
    cara mengobati tetanus

    ReplyDelete
  22. I am the best Girl in Delhi. If you are searching any independent girl. so, don't think For more info call me.
    Independent Escort in Delhi

    ReplyDelete
  23. I am the best escort girl in delhi if you are searching any escort girl just come here and definitely i will give you a perfect service from my side.
    Independent Escort in delhi

    ReplyDelete
  24. We are providing best services in delhi if you are searching any girl service in delhi just call on my number and definitely i will give you a perfect services.
    Independent Escort in Delhi

    ReplyDelete
  25. I am the best escort girl in delhi if you are searching any escort girl just come here and definitely i will give you a perfect service from my side.
    Independent Escort in Delhi

    ReplyDelete
  26. I am the best Girl in Delhi. If you are searching any independent girl. so, don't think For more info call me.
    Independent Escort in Delhi

    ReplyDelete
  27. I always love energetic guys who can destroy me completely. My primary preference is to give full satisfaction to my clients and I am ready to do anything you want me to do.
    Delhi Escorts

    ReplyDelete
  28. My name is Aaditi Sharma and I am a full-time Independent Delhi Escort. My age is just 24 years and I am from a high class family. I am a charming college girl having beautiful hairs and eyes. I can effectively communicate in both Hindi and English.
    XXX Sex Services

    ReplyDelete
  29. My Name is Ayushi Kapoor and I am the one among the glamorous Delhi Escort. You can have me for world-class companionship to Entertain your Mood.However, As one of the leading Escort in Delhi, I offer a wide range of services for gentlemen only.
    Delhi Escorts

    ReplyDelete
  30. I would like to thank you for making a time out of their busy schedule and visiting my website. My Name is Ayushi Kapoor and I am the one among the glamorous Delhi Independent Girl.

    Escorts In Delhi

    ReplyDelete
  31. I am an independent girls in delhi if you want to enjoy your days with me just contact
    and I am definitily sure i will give you a perfect service.
    Independent Escort in Delhi

    ReplyDelete
  32. Thank u so much admin and sorry permission share article in here : Obat herbal cantengan

    ReplyDelete
  33. We brigade spa into the escort since 2 decade and serving our clients happily with a satisfying results.
    We are well known for customer satisfaction and fulling the clients all desires as we know with our experience what our customer needs. We are back with all immense services to satisfy your physical and sexual needs. We the well-known brand that heading the market precisely, and known for our best Spa treatment services as well as escort spa service in Bangalore. Call 9845008439
    www.brigadespa.com
    escort service in Bangalore
    escort services in Bangalore
    escorts service in Bangalore
    escort service in Bangalore
    Best Escort
    Best Escort in Bangalore
    Bangalore best escort
    Bangalore escort
    Escort Bangalore
    Hotel Escort in Bangalore
    independent escort in Bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  34. The information is very helpful at all, hopefully more successful in the future and make the article more interesting. Sorry permission to share the article here Cara menyembuhkan infeksi saluran kencing

    ReplyDelete
  35. Thank u so much admin and sorry permission share article in here : Cara mengatasi lemak pada mata

    ReplyDelete
  36. I have gained enough experience to satisfy your wildest fantasies. So, in case if you are feeling lonely with all your burden and stress, then My VIP Escort Service in Delhi can be a feasible option for you to relax and rejuvenate your energy from all these negativities

    ReplyDelete
  37. thank you very much share the information with us, sorry admin permission to share articles here just to share Cara mengatasi nyeri sendi

    ReplyDelete
  38. Thank u so much admin and sorry permission share Cara menyembuhkan campak

    ReplyDelete
  39. Thank u so much admin and sorry permission share article in here cara menghilangkan lemak jahat

    ReplyDelete
  40. EXPERIENCE THE MESMERIZING MOMENTS WITH BANGALORE ESCORTS WITH US.
    The one of the best and wildest Bangalore Escorts call girls available with www.haveme.in
    Get an Escort Service in Bangalore from top high profile escorts, Independent Escorts, Celebrity Escorts, Model Escorts, Female Escorts and call girls in Bangalore

    Bangalore Escorts |
    Independent Escorts Bangalore | Call Girls Bangalore |
    High Profile Escorts |
    Celebrity Bangalore Escorts
    http://www.haveme.in

    ReplyDelete
  41. Your website content nice nice and interesting to observe. I love and admire you obat amandel obat asam urat

    ReplyDelete
  42. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  43. My aim is to make people happy and remove all the stresses out of their life with my Delhi Independent services. In this profession, I get the chance to meet new people and have lots of together. I am an open minded girl, who can adapt any occasion according to the requirement of the client.
    Independent Escort in Delhi

    ReplyDelete
  44. Udaipur Escorts- Call for Booking +91-9999965857 Our Udaipur Escort Service holidays offered every time any place we proposal VIP Udaipur Female Escort, Udaipur Independent Escort Call Now.

    Udaipur Escorts
    Udaipur Escorts
    Udaipur Escorts
    Udaipur Escorts
    Udaipur Escorts
    Udaipur Escorts
    Udaipur Escorts
    Udaipur Escorts
    Udaipur Escorts
    Udaipur Escorts

    ReplyDelete